Saptaswara devata: Pa
Panchama is the fifth swara in
the sthayi and is denoted by
the syllable Pa. Along with
the shadja, the panchama is known
as prakriti swara as it is unchanging
or devoid of varieties of its own.
Kallinatha describes the swara as—
‘swaraantaraanaam vistaaram yo
mimite sa panchamah’. This could
be roughly explained as—panchama
is that which serves as a measure
(a guideline to measure/ understand)
for the other / different swaras.
However, it is difficult to decipher
what the author exactly means by